Types of PPE Used
All personal protective clothing and equipment must be of safe design and construction for the work to be performed and must be maintained in a clean and reliable condition. Protective clothing and equipment used must meet NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) or ANSI (American National Standards Institute). Newly purchased PPE must conform to the updated ANSI standards, which have been incorporated into the OSHA PPE regulations, as follows:
- Eye and Face Protection – ANSI Z87.1-1989
- Head Protection – ANSI Z89.1-1986
- Foot Protection – ANSI Z41.1-1991
- Hand Protection – there are no ANSI standards for gloves, however, selection must be based on the performance characteristics of the glove in relation to the tasks to be performed.
Eye and Face Protection
Prevention ofeye injuries requires that all persons who may be in eye hazard areas wear protective eyewear. This includesemployees, visitors, researchers, contractors, or others passing through an identified eye hazard area.To provide protection for these personnel, supervisors of such areas shall purchase a sufficient quantity of goggles and/or plastic eye protectors, which afford the maximumamountof protection possible.If these personnel wear personal glasses, theyshall be provided with a suitable eye protector to wear over them. Suitable protectors must be used when employees are exposed to hazards fromflying particles, molten metal, acids or caustic liquids, chemical liquids, gases, or vapors, bioaerosols, or potentiallyinjurious light radiation. Guidelines ofprotective eyewear
Prescription Safety Eyewear
- Wearers of contact lenses must also wear appropriate eye and face protection devices in a hazardousenvironment.
- Side protectors shall be used when there is a hazard fromflying objects.
- Goggles andface shields shall be used when there is a hazardfromchemical splash. Face shields shall only be worn over primary eye protection (safety glasses or goggles). Eye protection must not interfere with the function of other required PPE.
- Eye protection must not restrict vision or movement. Eye protection should be easy to clean and disinfect. It must be reasonably comfortable towear.
- Equipment fitted with appropriate filter lenses shall be used toprotect against light radiation.
- Tinted and shaded lensesare not considered filter lenses unless they are marked or identified assuch.
- Eye and face PPE must be distinctlymarked to facilitate identification ofthe manufacturer.
OSHA regulations require that each affected employee who wears prescription lenses while engaged in operations that involve eye hazards shall wear eye protection that incorporates the prescription in its design, or shall wear eye protection that can be worn over the prescription lenses (goggles, face shields) without disturbing the proper position of the prescription lensesor the protective lenses. Emergency Eyewash Facilities
Emergency eyewash facilities meeting the requirementsofANSIZ358.1 will be provided in all areas where the eyes ofany employee may be exposed to corrosive materials. All such emergency facilities will be located where they are easily accessible in an emergency.
Cleaning and maintenance
It is important that all PPE be kept clean and properly maintained.
Cleaning is particularly important for eye and face protection where dirty or fogged lenses could impair vision.
For the purposes of compliance with 1910.132 (a) and (b), PPE should be inspected, cleaned, and maintained at regular intervals so that the PPE provides the requisite protection. It is also important to ensure that contaminated PPE which cannot be decontaminated is disposed of in a manner that protects employees from exposure to hazards.